1066: The Battle of Hastings was fought on October 14 in England between the forces of William, Duke of Normandy, and King Harold of
England. William was the ruler of Normandy, a part of present‐ day France, and a cousin of the late English King Edward. King Edward died childless, and William was next in line to inherit the crown. However, English nobleman Harold Godwine claimed that King Edward had promised him the kingdom, and he seized the crown as King Harold. The resulting war over the succession led to the Norman Conquest and the victory of William the Conqueror.